New Brunswick has experienced immigration from all over the world, and today has a varied multicultural population. Kings Landing has celebrated and represented many of these groups through interpretation in the village and through educational exhibits.
Here’s a brief history from one of our past exhibits, “A Place of Diversity”:
Archaeological records indicate that Indigenous cultures existed in North America for millennia. The Vikings and Basque landed on Canada’s east coast briefly but it was not until the 17th century that settlers from Western Europe established colonies. During this time, the trans-Atlantic slave trade brought Africans to North and South America.
Populations grew and moved inland in the 18th and 19th centuries. French and English Canadians as well as Americans, Europeans and Russians settled the prairies. When slavery became illegal in British North America, African Americans migrated north. Chinese immigrants arrived in British Columbia by the late 19th century. Many settled in central and eastern Canada when the government built the railway.
Europeans displaced by the Second World War found a haven in Canada, although by 1971 the majority of immigrants were from non-European countries. Most newcomers settled in large cities although recently, many have chosen small provinces such as New Brunswick.
Below is a list of a few of many resources and organisations associated with the different groups that played a role in New Brunswick’s history that have been represented at Kings Landing.
UNB’s Mi’kmaq-Wolastoqey Centre
Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada
New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council
The Indigenous Tourism Association of Canada (ITAC): New Brunswick
Indigenous Tourism Association of New Brunswick
Tourism NB: Indigenous
New Brunswick Black History Society
Black Lives Matter – Fredericton
The Black Lives Matter in New Brunswick Education Project
Black Loyalists in New Brunswick
Black History in New Brunswick from the New Brunswick Free Public Library
Black History Timeline from the Canadian Encyclopedia
Black Loyalists in New Brunswick, 1783-1854 from the Atlantic Canada Virtual Archives.
Tomlinson Lake Hike To Freedom
Loyalists in Canada from the Canadian Encyclopedia
United Empire Loyalists’ Association of Canada (UELAC)
New Brunswick Branch UELAC
New Brunswick Loyalist Journeys
Tourism NB: Loyalist Legacy
British Colonial Era in New Brunswick
British Home Children in Canada
British Home Children Advocacy & Research Association (Facebook Page)
British Home Children from the Canadian Encyclopedia
New Brunswick Scottish-Cultural Association
New Brunswick Scottish History
The Highland Society of New Brunswick at Miramichi
Scottish Canadians from the Canadian Encyclopedia
Irish Canadian Cultural Association of New Brunswick
Irish Canadians from the Canadian Encyclopedia
The New Brunswick Irish Portal